Knowing Friendships: A Qualitative Inquiry of Friendship, Mental Health, and Power in the Lives of Teenage Girls

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  • This thesis deepens understandings of the relationship between friendship and mental health in the lives of teenage girls by positioning them as knowers. Grounded in social constructionism and feminist standpoint theory, I use reflexive thematic analysis to analyze semi-structured interviews conducted with nine teenage girls in Ontario, Canada to explore the knowledge they generated through caring for one another's mental health. Teenage girls' mental health is inextricably tied to experiences of power, with oppressions acting as sites of power diminishment while friendships act as sites where power is created and nurtured. My findings are conceptualized in three components: the frame is Power, the context is a Toxic Environment (Adultism, Capitalism, and Patriarchy), the knowledges are Power-full Friendships (Effective Support, Therapeutic Values, and World Crafting) and Self-Becoming (Self-Determination, Self-Knowledge, and Access to resources). This understanding has implications for improving mental health systems, social work empowerment models, and subverting structuralized oppressions.

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  • Copyright © 2022 the author(s). Theses may be used for non-commercial research, educational, or related academic purposes only. Such uses include personal study, research, scholarship, and teaching. Theses may only be shared by linking to Carleton University Institutional Repository and no part may be used without proper attribution to the author. No part may be used for commercial purposes directly or indirectly via a for-profit platform; no adaptation or derivative works are permitted without consent from the copyright owner.
Date Created
  • 2022


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