Geophysical Identification and Characterization of Mafic-Ultramafic Intrusions in Plume Centre Regions

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  • Gravity and magnetic data from the EGM2008 and EMAG2 datasets are used for a global study of geophysical anomalies in LIP plume centre regions with the goal of identifying mafic-ultramafic intrusions linked to those LIPs. Geophysical anomalies within eighteen LIPs are investigated. Four of these LIPs are selected for detailed modelling: the Mackenzie, High-Arctic, Kunene-Kibaran, and Deccan LIPs. Modelling supports that these anomalies are produced by large (radius >30 km) and generally deep-seated crustal intrusions, with densities consistent with mafic-ultramafic rock and magnetic susceptibilities consistent with serpentinized ultramafic rock. Modelling also indicates that these values remain consistent within a LIP, particularly regarding density and depth. Lastly, we recognize three types of spatial distributions for intrusions in plume centre regions: 1) intrusions that circumscribe the plume centre emplaced along circular fault systems, 2) intrusions emplaced along rifts, in some cases rifts that converge towards the plume centre, and 3) single/unclassified intrusions.

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  • Copyright © 2016 the author(s). Theses may be used for non-commercial research, educational, or related academic purposes only. Such uses include personal study, research, scholarship, and teaching. Theses may only be shared by linking to Carleton University Institutional Repository and no part may be used without proper attribution to the author. No part may be used for commercial purposes directly or indirectly via a for-profit platform; no adaptation or derivative works are permitted without consent from the copyright owner.
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  • 2016


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