The drawings and accompanying text of this thesis describe a fictional culture (the Cypherians) possessed of an amorphous and indeterminant nature. Through this pretence the inevitable conditions of doubt and
uncertainty confront the equally inevitable imperatives of determination and explanation. The charge of the enigmatic is thereby embraced, serving as the foundation for this work which is both descriptive of a
condition of being and making, and speculative about its implications for an architecture which shares this same embrace.
This thesis will examine the social considerations which underlie Victor Gruen’s
approach to urban planning and design. Known as the creator of the modern
enclosed shopping mall, Gruen’s efforts were also concentrated in the
revitalization and redevelopment of a number of cities and towns. Gruen’s work
is of particular interest because of its social component: his consideration for the
human condition and his desire to improve man’s quality of life through the
design of multi-functional architecture. The requirements of the eventual "user"
were, therefore, of the utmost importance and Gruen’s feasibility studies
employed multi-disciplinary teams in attempting to fulfil "user" needs. Gruen’s
ideal urban core positioned the commercial center as the core’s focal point,
serving as a catalyst for economic and recreational activity. His vision was
modern equivalent of the European market square, drawing great numbers of
people for the dual purpose of commercial and social exchanges.
The Thesis discusses Carl Gustav Jung's correspondence with his less known correspondents, especially the letters from the two volumes and some selected letters from Collected Works, volume 18. It answers the questions below, central to Jung's psychology of religion:Is there for Jung a reality of an extra-psychic, objective God beyond the psyche?Is Jung's claim that his psychology is a form of empirical science undermined by a latent metaphysics in his understanding of the psyche?The conclusions of the Thesis are as follows:To the question about the reality of an extrapsychic being Jung does not take a definitive stand is his correspondence, as he did not take one in his scientific work. Certain texts imply that there is no God beyond the psyche. In others he says the question is beyond his competence as a psychologist. The wider framework of his psychology may favour the first set of statements.For Jung "empirical data" lead to a specific religious implication. There is a latent metaphysics in Jung's works that his well known correspondents (Martin Buber and Victor White) and many of his less known correspondents questioned.
Between 1973 and 1995 the Canadian Advisory Council On The Status Of Women (CACSW) worked under a mandate to advise the government through the Minister Responsible For The Status Of Women on issues important to Canadian women. After the early 1980's the Advisory Council claimed the function of representing the geographic, ethnic, cultural and occupational diversity of Canadian women. Some Canadian feminists have been critical of the CACSW and of state feminism in general for being co-opted and failing to substantively criticize government policies relating to women. Social scientists have yet to systematically analyze the contribution or limitations of state feminism including the advisory council. I integrate three fields of feminist work including that of sociologists such as Daiva Stasiulis, Roberta Hamilton and Roxanna Ng who consider diverse women in relation to institutions of the state, political scientists like Jill Vickers, Janine Brodie and Sylvia Bashevkin who assess women's political roles, and political and radical democratic philosophers especially Iris Marion Young and Chantal Mouffe.The study draws on multidisciplinary feminist frameworks to assess through the lens of their child services policies, the CACSW's representation of diverse women in Canada. My analysis looks particularly at child services needs, interests and values of Aboriginal women, ethnic and cultural minority women, low income women, women with disabilities, lesbians and bisexual women. I argue that this case study suggests state feminism is not able to effectively represent the non geographic diversity of women in Canada. The Advisory council lacked the sufficient control of their policy agenda to be able to raise many of the issues of particular importance to women of minority groups. It became less representative over time due to social, demographic, political and economic changes since 1973. Particularly since the mid-1990's the council's efforts were overdetermined by an international shift to free-market economics which shaped the policy direction of the Canadian government.The implications of this analysis are that economic and political changes in Canada have had a significant impact on the effectiveness and potential influence of women's policy machinery in Canada. I also support the arguments of autonomous feminists who say that state feminism does not speak to the needs, interests and values of women who belong to geographically dispersed minority groups.
By applying a synthetic theoretical framework from theories about women, gender relations in development, and in socialist societies, this thesis critically examines the status of women in China during the period from 1949 to early 1990s, covering aspects of macropolitical institutions and policies, gender relations in everyday life and ideology. I argue that in socialist China, the level of national economic development, the control of the government, the Chinese Communist Party and traditional Chinese gender culture are the most distinctive determinants in gender relations. In the Market socialist period, more factors have joined to contribute to make the gender issue more complex. I conclude that the transition from socialism to Market socialism does not indicate an instantaneously optimistic future for Chinese women but rather gradual opportunities
My thesis is an examination of the politics of location in three novels by contemporary Canadian women writers: Daphne Marlatt's Ana Historic, Sky Lee's Disappearing Moon Cafe, and Joy Kogawa's Obasan. In this project I explore how gender, race, sexuality and citizenship help illuminate the role that location plays in Canadian women's writing. Emphasizing the significance of embodied contexts in these women's novels raises questions of how writing evokes political self-placing, rather than geographical or thematized visions of space. Each novel is positioned in light of past and contemporary issues arising within Canadian socio-political and cultural contexts. Through their engagement with history, the novelists encourage readers to examine present internalized acceptance of systemic discrimination. A feminist analysis of the importance of how these novels (re)vision women's relations to gender codes, self-chosen sexuality, and race relations, reveals the possibilities and limitations of diverse Canadian women's agency.
In this work three questions are examined concerning astrology. The first of these deals with the dispute over its validity. Arguments from both sides of this debate are presented and discussed. The second question involves the appeal of astrology. Several ideas about why astrology is increasingly popular in modern culture are explored. The last question is whether or not astrology should be perceived as potentially harmful. Again several notions about this are discussed. In the end it is concluded by the author that astrology and its claims do not seem to be validated, that the reasons for its appeal are complex and that its growing popularity is, in fact, potentially harmful.
Heidegger's Being and Time has been criticized as solipsistic in its focus on individualized Dasein, whose conscience has called it out of the world of the "they," into an authentic Being-unto death. The argument in this thesis is that Heidegger's fundamental insight can be defended against this criticism, but that it needs to be supplemented, to avoid misunderstanding, with concrete detail concerning important features of our relations with others. Marcel has provided the necessary corrective by underscoring the vital element played by the other in our own development. The thesis explores central Heideggerian ideas, such as Dasein's advance toward death and resoluteness in the face of fateful existence, with a view towards providing space for a more satisfactory account of concrete relations with others.
To date, art historians who specialize in contemporary Inuit art have minimized or disregarded the economic significance Inuit art has for its producers. Although economic factors of Inuit art production have been treated as irrelevant in most art historical inquiries, Inuit artists say that financial remuneration is essential to their art production. Based on interviews conducted with artists living in Cape Dorset, this thesis demonstrates that to varying degrees, economic incentives affect what and why an artist produces. Since art history concerns itself with why an artwork looks the way it does, financial considerations should be an important factor in art historical analyses of contemporary Inuit art.
The notion of middleware has been introduced to provide interoperability as well as transparent location of servers in heterogeneous client-server environments. Careful consideration of system architecture is required to achieve high performance. Based on implementation and measurements made on the system this research is concerned with the impact of client-server interaction architecture on the performance of a CORBA System. Using a commercially available CORBA compliant ORB software called ORBeline, four different architectures, the Handle Driven ORB, the Forwarding ORB, the Process Planner, and the Adaptive ORB have been designed and implemented for client-server interaction on a network of workstations. High level descriptions provided in the literature were used for building the first three architectures whereas the fourth is a new architecture proposed in this thesis. The measurements show that the difference among the performances of these architectures change with a change in the workload. The research will report on the relative performances of the four architectures under different workload conditions. The results provide insights into system behavior and guidelines for designers as well as users of systems. In particular the impact of inter-node delays, message size, request service times and the system load threshold level on the latency and scalability attributes of these architectures are analyzed. A discussion of how agent cloning can improve system performance is also included.